Oil and gas energy are mostly similar. Both are non-renewable energies. Both have their advantages as well as their disadvantages.

Let us see the advantages of oil energy:

 

Advantages of oil energy

Powerful energy source:

Oil is an extremely powerful energy source. Oil produces high energy output. A crude oil product is petrol. It is used widely in automobiles. This is because petrol has high energy output when compared to other energy sources. A study shows that petrol can move vehicles faster and longer than any other energy source of the same cost. And moreover, petrol has very good compressibility and ignition factor which makes it much more suitable for regular use.


 

 

 

Impact on global economy:

Most of the middle-east countries are rich only because they have lots of oil reserves. It has such huge impact on the global economy. These oil exporting companies have formed a group known as OPEC (Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries). The various countries in OPEC are: Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Venezuela. It takes major decision on oil exports and fixing the price of oil and various other things. If they increase the price of the oil, then there would be a major downfall in global economy.

 

Availability:

As of now, Oil is abundantly available. The available oil will be enough at least for the next 25 years. So it makes oil on of the most important primary sources of energy. Peak oil is the point of time when the petroleum extraction is at the peak. After which the petroleum extraction will be reduced.

Liquid nature:

As the oil is present in the liquid state, it has many advantages. But the main advantage is that it is easier to transport from one country to another country. They can be exported to other countries via pipelines that are laid across countries.

 

 

Combusting property:

Oil energy is easily combustible. That is it will ignite at a much lower temperature than any other combustible materials. Thus it also makes oil energy to be used in motor cycles rather than the others.

Technology advantage:

Oil energy does not need any new technologies to provide the output. Thus it is much simpler and more effective than other energy sources. Thus an oil-fuelled power station can be built anywhere until you get the required oil.

 

And a few other advantages:

·        Oil is readily available.

·        Oil produces less carbon-di-oxide than coal when burnt.

·        Many people are employed in the oil industries.

·        Good availability.

 

Advantages of natural gas energy

Natural gas is clean

It can be called as a clean fuel because it produces less carbon dioxide than other combustible fuel. In fact, it produces 45 % less carbon dioxide than coal.

Natural gas is abundant

We can say that the reservoirs from which the natural gas are extracted are underutilized. Many discoveries of new resources are found containing shale and coal. Which means that we can produce natural gas for another 100 years.

 

Natural gas is efficient

Natural gas produces good outputs comparing with other energy sources. The fact that it produces less by-products makes it more efficient.

 

Natural gas is comparatively environment friendly

We can’t say completely that natural gas energy is environment friendly. But when compared with other non-renewable energy sources like petroleum and coal, it is environment friendly. This is because it produces less carbon dioxide than the other energy sources.

 

Natural gas is one of the safest fuels

Stringent safety standards govern the exploration, production, transportation, distribution and use of natural gas. North America's continental natural pipeline system is the safest mode of energy transportation in the world today.

 

Natural gas is multipurpose

Natural gas is multipurpose. It can be used for almost anything that needs energy. For example, it may be for heating your food, or house or anything.

 

Natural gas is economical

Natural gas running appliances need only little or no maintenance. This implies that we can save our money that is meant for servicing.

 

Less solid waste generation

The use of natural gas for generating solid waste produces no solid waste.

 

OTHER ADVANTAGES OF NATURAL GAS

  • Slightly more than half of the homes in the United States use natural gas as their main heating fuel.

  • It is used to manufacture items such as paper, fertilizer, brick, photo film, even medicine.

  • Natural gas complements renewable technologies such as wind and power, providing the necessary low-emission backup generation.

  • Natural gas is used to generate electricity without producing high dosage of pollutants and no mercury.

 

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SOME MORE ADVANTAGES OF NATURAL GAS

  • Besides being a heating fuel, natural gas has other cool uses ... like chilling the glycol used to produce ice for hockey and skating rinks. 

  • There are approximately four million Americans employed either directly or indirectly by the natural gas industry.

  • Natural gas energy is more reliable than the other sources of energy, day in and day out. Right now whether we have other energy or not, plentiful supplies of natural gas are available for immediate dispatch, via an existing interconnected, efficient and highly reliable delivery system.

  • Haber process can be used to produce ammonia using the help of the natural gas. Which can in turn be used for producing various fertilizers.

  • Using the hydrogen reformer method, natural gas can be used to produce hydrogen. Which in turn can be used for aviation and other purposes.

 

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