Hydro Energy

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Hydro Energy

What is Hydro Energy / Definition of Hydroelectricity?

  • The term ‘Hydroelectricity’ refers to electricity generated using hydropower, i.e. the production of electrical power using the gravitational force of flowing water or water falling.
  • The method in which the production of electrical power through the use of the gravitational force of falling or flowing water is called hydroelectric energy.
  • Water which is flowing down can be captured and converted into electricity. This conversion process is called hydroelectric power or hydro energy or hydropower.

Who invented Hydro energy?

During 1849, James Francis – a British American engineer developed modern water turbine, named as Francis turbine which still remains as a most widely used water turbine in the world even today.

In 1870, another American inventor named Lester Allan Pelton has developed a wheel called Pelton wheel, which is an impulsive water turbine and is patented in his name during 1880.

Lester Allan Pelton

Lester Allan Pelton

Original Pelton’s wheel in 1880

Original Pelton’s wheel in 1880.

How does Hydro energy Work?

In general, hydropower plants obtain the energy of falling water and convert them to generate electricity. This conversion is done by the turbine in which it converts the kinetic energy of the falling water into the mechanical energy. The generator will convert the mechanical energy obtained from the turbine into electrical energy.